Past Tense - Irregular Forms

 

The following list shows the forms of the irregular verbs (also called "strong verbs"). With these forms, at least the stem vocal changes.

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Form German Phonetic Script English
infinitive genesen [gə'ne:zən] to recover (one's health)
1. person singular ich genast ç gə'na:s] I recovered
2. person singular (familiar) du genasest/genast [du: gə'na:zəst/gə'na:st] you recovered
3. person singular er/sie/es genas [e:ɐ/zi:/ɛs gə'na:s] he/she/it recovered
1. person plural wir genasen [vi:ə gə'na:zən] we recovered
2. person plural (familiar) ihr genast [i:ə gə'na:st] you recovered
3. person plural sie genasen [zi: gə'na:zən] they recovered
polite form (singular + plural) Sie genasen [zi: gə'na:zən] you recovered
       
infinitive genießen [gə'ni:sən] to enjoy
1. person singular ich genoss ç gə'nɔs] I enjoyed
2. person singular (familiar) du genossest/genosst [du: gə'nɔsəst/gə'nɔst] you enjoyed
3. person singular er/sie/es genoss [e:ɐ/zi:/ɛs gə'nɔs] he/she/it enjoyed
1. person plural wir genossen [vi:ə gə'nɔsən] we enjoyed
2. person plural (familiar) ihr genosst [i:ə gə'nɔst] you enjoyed
3. person plural sie genossen [zi: gə'nɔsən] they enjoyed
polite form (singular + plural) Sie genossen [zi: gə'nɔsən] you enjoyed
       
infinitive geschehen [gə'ʃe:ən] to happen/occur
3. person singular er/sie/es geschah [e:ɐ/zi:/ɛs gə'ʃa:] he/she/it happened
3. person plural sie geschahen [zi: gə'ʃa:ən] they happened
       
infinitive gewinnen [gə'vɪnən] to win
1. person singular ich gewann ç gə'van] I won
2. person singular (familiar) du gewannst [du: gə'vanst] you won
3. person singular er/sie/es gewann [e:ɐ/zi:/ɛs gə'van] he/she/it won
1. person plural wir gewannen [vi:ə gə'vanən] we won
2. person plural (familiar) ihr gewannt [i:ə gə'vant] you won
3. person plural sie gewannen [zi: gə'vanən] they won
polite form (singular + plural) Sie gewannen [zi: gə'vanən] you won
       
infinitive gießen ['gi:sən] to pour/water (flowers)
1. person singular ich goss ç gɔs] I poured
2. person singular (familiar) du gossest/gosst [du: 'gɔsəst/gɔst] you poured
3. person singular er/sie/es goss [e:ɐ/zi:/ɛs gɔs] he/she/it poured
1. person plural wir gossen [vi:ə 'gɔsən] we poured
2. person plural (familiar) ihr gosst [i:ə gɔst] you poured
3. person plural sie gossen [zi: 'gɔsən] they poured
polite form (singular + plural) Sie gossen [zi: 'gɔsən] you poured
       
infinitive gleichen ['glaiçən] to be alike/similar
1. person singular ich glich ç glɪç] I was alike
2. person singular (familiar) du glichst [du: glɪçst] you were alike
3. person singular er/sie/es glich [e:ɐ/zi:/ɛs glɪç] he/she/it was alike
1. person plural wir glichen [vi:ə 'glɪçən] we were alike
2. person plural (familiar) ihr glicht [i:ə glɪçt] you were alike
3. person plural sie glichen [zi: 'glɪçən] they were alike
polite form (singular + plural) Sie glichen [zi: 'glɪçən] you were alike
       
infinitive gleiten ['glaitən] to glide
1. person singular ich glitt ç glɪt] I glided
2. person singular (familiar) du glittest [du: glɪtəst] you glided
3. person singular er/sie/es glitt [e:ɐ/zi:/ɛs glɪt] he/she/it glided
1. person plural wir glitten [vi:ə 'glɪtən] we glided
2. person plural (familiar) ihr glittet [i:ə 'glɪtət] you glided
3. person plural sie glitten [zi: 'glɪtən] they glided
polite form (singular + plural) Sie glitten [zi: 'glɪtən] you glided
       
infinitive graben ['gra:bən] to dig
1. person singular ich grub ç gru:p] I dug
2. person singular (familiar) du grubst [du: gru:pst] you dug
3. person singular er/sie/es grub [e:ɐ/zi:/ɛs gru:p] he/she/it dug
1. person plural wir gruben [vi:ə 'gru:bən] we dug
2. person plural (familiar) ihr grubt [i:ə gru:pt] you dug
3. person plural sie gruben [zi: 'gru:bən] they dug
polite form (singular + plural) Sie gruben [zi: 'gru:bən] you dug
       
infinitive greifen ['graifən] to grip
1. person singular ich griff ç grɪf] I gripped
2. person singular (familiar) du griffst [du: grɪfst] you gripped
3. person singular er/sie/es griff [e:ɐ/zi:/ɛs grɪf] he/she/it gripped
1. person plural wir griffen [vi:ə 'grɪfən] we gripped
2. person plural (familiar) ihr grifft [i:ə grɪft] you gripped
3. person plural sie griffen [zi: 'grɪfən] they gripped
polite form (singular + plural) Sie griffen [zi: 'grɪfən] you gripped
       
infinitive haben ['ha:bən] to have
1. person singular ich hatte ç 'hatə] I had
2. person singular (familiar) du hattest [du: 'hatəst] you had
3. person singular er/sie/es hatte [e:ɐ/zi:/ɛs 'hatə] he/she/it had
1. person plural wir hatten [vi:ə 'hatən] we had
2. person plural (familiar) ihr hattet [i:ə 'hatət] you had
3. person plural sie hatten [zi: 'hatən] they had
polite form (singular + plural) Sie hatten [zi: 'hatən] you had
       

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