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Definite Articles - Genitive
The genitive is the second of the German cases. In other languages, as in English, French or Spanish, we mostly have to use prepositions if we have a genitive attribute.
Here are the definite articles in the second case (genitive):
|Singular Forms||Definite Article (with Noun)||Phonetic Script||English Translation|
|masculine||des||(Mannes m)||[dɛs]||of the (man)|
|feminine||der||(Frau f)||[de:ɐ]||of the (woman)|
|neuter||des||(Kindes nt)||[dɛs]||of the (child)|
|Plural Forms||Definite Article (with Noun)||Phonetic Script||English Translation|
|masculine||(Männer m pl)||of the (men)|
|feminine||der||(Frauen f pl)||[de:ɐ]||of the (women)|
|neuter||(Kinder nt pl)||of the (children)|
There is only one plural form of the definite article ("der") for every noun, no matter if it is masculine, feminine or neuter.
There are some verbs which are followed by the genitive. Then we have a genitive object.
|Ich gedenke des Freundes m.||[ɪç gə'dɛŋkə dɛs 'frɔyndəs]||I remember the friend.|
|jemandes (jds) gedenken||['je:mandəs gə'dɛŋkən]||to remember someone|
The genitive attribute is a construction of two nouns of which one noun stands in the genitive case. This noun mostly indicates the owner. Here is one example:
|Das Kleid nt des Mädchens f ist rot.||[das klait dɛs 'mɛ:tçəns ɪst ro:t]||The dress of the girl is red.|
While "Das Kleid" is the subject in the nominative case because it is is the acting part of the sentence, "des Mädchens" is the genitive attribute. She is the owner of the dress. So in this sentence, the genitive attribute also indicates a property.
The respective question would be: Whose dress is red? Answer: The dress of the girl.
Prepositions with genitive
There are also some prepositions which are used with the genitive form.
Example: trotz + genitive = in spite of
Example: aufgrund + genitive = because of
Example: anstelle + genitive = instead of
If you are insecure which case is used with a certain preposition, simply look it up in a dictionary.